Kerosene

In compliance with EPA requirements, Sprague offers dyed and clear kerosene at numerous Terminals. The dyed product is used for space heating, off road fuel or other tax exempt applications (for example, municipal bus services).  Alternatively, the clear fuel goes into taxable highway fuel requirements.

Where Low Sulfur Kerosene is available, it can also be utilized for individual splash blending.  Sprague winterizes its diesel products in accordance with climatic conditions to better serve our customers. We rely on the US-standard Solvent Red type dye to secure product that meets the minimum EPA and IRS mandates but at the same time is not overly dyed.

See below for further information regarding our Ultra-Low Sulfur Kerosene, Aviation Fuel and Low Sulfur Kerosene products. 

  • Ultra-Low Sulfur Kerosene
  • Aviation Fuel
  • Low Sulfur Kerosene

Ultra Low Sulfur Kerosene

Ultra Low Sulfur Kerosene (ULSK) is a light petroleum fraction, lighter than diesel. It is similar to kerosene, except that the sulfur content is at or below 15 ppm (0.0015 wt %).  In its neat form it is colorless with a diesel odor.  It typically has an api gravity in the 41º - 46º range.  It possesses very favorable cold flow properties.  Therefore many times it is blended into diesel fuel to improve cold flow properties when using the fuel in northern climates.  For this reason it is also known as No. 1 diesel.

Since it is considered a motor fuel, and therefore taxed as such, IRS regulations allow for the addition of red dye, at the terminal level, to render it unsuitable as a motor fuel, and thus exempt from federal taxes.  Typically, at the state level, state taxing authorities usually exempt it from state taxes when dyed according to IRS regulations.

In addition to a cold weather fuel, it is many times used as a fuel for municipal buses, as the emissions tend to be very low.

Sprague offers this fuel, both dyed and undyed, in several terminals, especially in northern New England areas.

Aviation Fuel - Jet Fuel

Jet Fuel, also known as Jet A1, Turbine Fuel, Avjet, is a light distillate similar to kerosene.  It is absent of dye, and resembles water when observed.  However, due to the critical nature of its use, it is required to meet a stringent set of specifications, outlined in ASTM-D1655.  Some of these specific specifications include, but are not limited to, minimum flash point, overall boiling range, maximum sulfur content, freeze point, and more.

In addition to meeting stringent product specifications, jet fuel is tested and documented at every step of the custody channel, from the refinery to the side of the aircraft to ensure product quality and integrity.

Currently Sprague stores and distributes commercial jet fuel at its South Portland Maine terminal.  

Low Sulfur Kerosene

Low sulfur kerosene has a petroleum fraction that is very similar to ultra low sulfur kerosene, with a higher sulfur content generally in the 500 ppm (0.05 wt %) range.  It is not always available, but when it is it is typically used as a blend component into home heating oil to improve cold weather properties, mainly pour point and cloud point.  The typical application is to blend it into heating oil to be delivered to outside storage tanks at homes in northern New England.

Sprague currently stores this fuel at the South Portland, ME facility.